This SDG Pavilion session at the UN Climate Change Conference in Madrid (UNFCC COP 25) will discuss measures to strengthen synergies on climate change and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It will look at ways to improve ambition, accelerate actions for implementation, and strengthen multi-stakeholder partnerships. The session will be hosted by the Ministry of the Environment, Japan (MOEJ), the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), and UNU-IAS, and co-hosted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Kazuhiko Takeuchi will give the keynote presentation and the panel discussion will be moderated by Kazuhiko Takemoto.
The Paris Agreement and the SDGs were both adopted in 2015, and as such, they have a complementary relationship. The IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C — to which UNU-IAS contributed — states that, if global warming is limited to 1.5°C rather than 2°C, severe impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems as well as human health and well-being will be mitigated, and also that it will be easier to achieve the SDGs. On the other hand, achieving the SDGs may well contribute greatly to reducing systemic vulnerabilities, as well as being consistent with climate adaptation measures, for instance ecosystem-based adaptation that integrates the use of biodiversity and ecosystem services into an overall adaptation strategy. However, it has been pointed out that the current situation is not enough to keep the temperature rise below 2°C, and there is not one country that is on track to achieve all 17 goals.