2015•03•28 Nikkei Asian Review
An excerpt from the article in Nikkei Asian Review by Magali Dreyfus:
“Local governments and particularly cities are key authorities for tackling climate change. Cities are heavy emitters of greenhouse gases, accounting for 40-70% of emissions worldwide, according to a study by U.N.-Habitat.
“Conversely, cities are also particularly vulnerable to the impact of climate change. The concentration of people and economic assets increases the costs of these impacts, and the built-up environment exacerbates these problems. For instance, impervious soils or the lack of vegetation increase the risks of floods and the effects of heat waves. City governments, however, also oversee strategic sectors, such as energy, transport and waste management, where huge potential for mitigation and adaptation lies.
“In 2007, the Tokyo government released a self-described 10-year plan ‘for a carbon-minus Tokyo,’ which set the ambitious goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 25% between 2000 to 2020 and further to 50% below 2000 levels by 2050.”