A symposium co-organized by UNU-IAS on 16 January 2015 explored challenges remaining from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and discussed the processes leading to an integrated post-2015 development agenda, including goals and targets for 2030 and the progression of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It also considered local and global challenges for implementation, and approaches for sustainable cooperation and collaboration between science, local governments, businesses and other actors.
In his keynote speech “Post MDGs and Global Governance”, Prof. Keizo Takemi (Member of the House of Councillors, Japan; Professor, Tokai University), noted that governance will be crucial in setting up and implementing the new SDGs. He welcomed the involvement of civil society and other actors through the UN’s Open Working Group on SDGs. He also stressed that the SDGs should adopt a human-centered development approach. Furthermore, in order to tackle pressing challenges such as poverty and inequality a comprehensive “human security” approach is necessary, and this should be reflected in the post-2015 development agenda.
Prof. Norichika Kanie (UNU-IAS and Tokyo Institute of Technology) provided an overview of the ongoing international negotiations on the SDGs, highlighting four challenges that sustainable development will face in Japan and globally: (i) creation of integrated goals; (ii) governance for the SDGs; (iii) Japan’s role in the international community; and (iv) cooperation between science and other stakeholders in implementing the SDGs.
The first of two panel discussions focused on “Implications for a Post-2015 Development Agenda: Perspectives from Science and Policy”, and stressed the following points:
The second panel discussed “What needs to be done for implementation?”, raising the following points on implementation of the SDGs in Japan: